OIL HISTORYOil wells were drilled in
Oil Creek in western
In 1859 The Pennsylvania Rock Oil Company (Later "Seneca Oil Co.") sent Col. Edwin L. Drake, to acquire oil. Drake observed the natives skimming small amounts of it from Oil Creek and found the process ineffective and invented the derrick. He drilled on a piece of leased land just south of Titusville. On August 27 they finally drilled a well that could be commercially successful.
The world's first successful oil tanker was Nobel's 1878 Zoroaster. He designed this ship in Lindholmen-Motala, Sweden. It made its first run later that year from Baku to Astrakhan on the Caspian Sea. Perhaps Zoroaster was similar to Falls of Clyde, also built in 1878. In 1903, the Nobel brothers built two oil tankers which ran on internal combustion engines, as opposed to the older steam engines.
The fleet oiler USS Maumee, launched on April 17, 1915, pioneered the technique of underway replenishment. A large ship at the time, at 14,500 deadweight tons,
Reference: Wikipedia and a wonderful History of Indians in the North East.
A shipmate of this web page author lived in Pennsylvania. He has these words to add.
When I was a boy in
|USS Saranac||AO-74||Launched, 21 December 1942||The Saranac River is a river in the state of New York.
river has more than three dozen source lakes and ponds north of Upper
Saranac Lake. The
river empties into Lake Champlain at the City of Plattsburgh. The first ship was USS Saranac
||TAO-184||Launched, 1972||The Hudson River. called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mohican, the
Great Mohegan by the Iroquios, or as the Lenape Native Americans called
it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, Okahnehtati in Tuscarora, is a river that
runs through the eastern portian of New York State and along its
southern terminus, demarcates the border between New Jersey and New
York. Reclassified Transport Oiler AOT-184. The first ship was USS Hudson
|USS Ramapo||AO-12||Launched, 11 September 1919
The Ramapo River is a tributary of the Pompton River, approximately 30 mi long, in southern New York and northern New Jersey. During the American Revolutionary War, Commander-in-Chief George Washington is said to have climbed the Ramapo Torne (near Ramapo hamlet) with a telescope to watch the movement of British ships off Sandy Hook.
||Launched in 1972
||The Susquehanna River is a river 444 mi long, the longest river on the American east coast and the 16th longest in the United States.It's meaning is thought to be "The Long Crooked River". It rises in upstate New York often regarded as an extension of the main branch. The shorter West Branch, rises in western Pennsylvania. Cutting through water gaps in the lateral mountain ridges in southeastern Pennsylvania and northeastern Maryland, the river empties into the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay, providing half of the freshwater inflow for the entire Chesapeake Bay. Susquehanna. A shortened form of Susquehannock, meaning unknown. Susquehanna. A town and a tribe of the Iroquoian stock, situated in 1608 on the lower portion of the Susquehanna river and its effluents. The ship was reclassified Transport Oiler AOT-185.|
||AO-31||Launched, 1 April 1939
||The Chenango River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 90 miles (145 km) long, in central New York. The word is said to have come from an Iroquios word, "O chenang" meaninng "region of the bull thistle". The ship was reclassified ACV-28. The first USS Chenango (1863) was a side-wheel steamer|
||AO-30||Launched, 9 September 1939||The Chemung River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River,
approximately 45 mi long, in south central New York and northern
Pennsylvania. The river name
comes from an Iroquois
language word meaning "big horn" or "horn-in-the-water", possibly
dating from the discovery of large mammoth tusks in the river bed. The
Lenape called the river Cononogue,
which had a similar meaning. There was also a USS
||AO-101||Launched, 28 July 1945
||The Cohocton River is a tributary of the Chumung River, approximately 55 miles , in western New York. The name is a native term ("Ga-ha-to"), reportedly meaning "log floating in the water."|
||AO-99||Launched, 6 July 1945||The Canisteo River is a tributary of the Tioga River, approximately 55 mi long, in western New York. The name of the river comes from a Native American word meaning either "pickerel" or "head of water".|
|USS Soubarissen||AO-93||Launched, 12 August 1944|| Soubarissen was a chief of the "Neutral" Indian Nations
which, although a part of the Iroquois confederation, were called
"neutral" by the French because they took no part in the wars of the
Iroquios and Hurons. The area he governed included the oilfields of
northwestern Pennsylvania and western New York. The knowledge of the
oil seepage's there was well know among the indians and it was declared
neutral ground so all Indians could obtain oil for medical and domestic
purposes without danger or interference.
|USNS French Creek
||TAO-159||Launched, 8 December 1944
||French Creek is a tributary of the Allegheny River in northwestern Pennsylvania and western New York. George Washington was sent to deliver a message to these forts in 1752. Not knowing the stream's name, he gave it the present name of French Creek because of the nearby French forts. Another French Creek exists in the S. E. part of the state, a tributary of the Schuylkill River. Yet another French Creek exists in Iowa.|
|USS Cowanesque||AO-79||Launched, 11 March 1943
||The Cowanesque River is a tributary of the Tioga River in
north central Pennsylvania.
The river name is Native American for "overrun with briars".
|USS Shikellamy||AO-76||Launched, 16 February 1943
||Shikellamy State Park is
named in honor of Shikellamy,
an Iroquois chief. Chief
Shikellamy played a major role in the history of the frontier in
was a friend of the Native Americans
and the American Colonists of the 18th century. Shikellamy's village
was located near where the overlook section of the park is today. This
area is were Vern's great grandparents grew up. See his web page: Union
|USS Lackawanna||AO-40||Launched, 16 May 1942
||The Lackawanna River is a tributary of the Susquehanna
River, approximately 35 mi long, in northeastern Pennsylvania. Its name "Lackawanna" comes from a Lenni Lenape word meaning
that forks." There is also USS Lackawanna (1862) which was
a screw sloop-of-war.
|USS Schuylkill||AO-90||Acquired, 26 March 1943||The Schuylkill River is a
river in Pennsylvania about 130 miles
long. The Delaware
settlers of the area around this river, which they called Ganshohawanee,
meaning "rushing and roaring waters," or "Manaiunk". The river was
later named Schuylkill that translates to
river" or more properly "hideout creek". The ship was converted to
||TAO-157||Laid down in November 1944
Renamed in 1977
|The name "Paoli"is synonymous with the 1777 Paoli Massacre which occurred in Malvern, Pennsylvania. The town of Paoli grew around 1769 inn which was named after General Pasquale Paoli. Converted to S.S. Marine Floridian.|
|USS Neshanic||AO-71||Launched, 31 October 1942||
The Neshanic River is an 11 mile long tributary of the South Branch Raritan River in central New Jersey. The name comes from a tribe of the Raritan tribe of Lenape Native Americans who lived along the river.
||AOE-2||Launched, 29 May 1965||The Camden is named after the city of across from Philadelphia, Camden, New Jersey which lies on the Delaware River. This is home of a large ship building company that built many Oilers such as USS Kawishiwi AO-146. The Scottish name Camden means "winding valley". An English meaning is "Freedom".|
|USS Mispillion||AO-105||Launched, 10 August 1945
The Mispillion River is a river flowing to Delaware Bay in southern Delaware. It is approximately 15 miles long. Mispillon may mean "side saddle" as Mis = opposite and pillon = ride pillow or saddle. Read Historic Review REQUEST.