|Francis Scott Key
Was a Lawyer and Poet who was born on August 1, 1779 in Frederick County, Maryland where he is also interned with his wife. There home from 1804 to 1833 was in Georgetown, MD over looking the Potomac river, just a short distance northwest of the Lincoln memorial. Wikitree
During the war of 1812 he set out to rescue a Dr. William Beanes from Upper Marlboro, MD with the aid of Col. John Skinner held prisoner on the British flagship "Tonnant". On the 7th of September, 1814 they boarded the ship and through negotiation, they and the doctor were released. They were first put aboard the HMS Surprise and then a sloop, being forced to wait out the Bombardment on Fort McHenry. The British fired bombshells, some weighing 220 pounds. The Americans sank 22 British ships.
Key Col. Skinner and Dr. Beanes watched, as the Flag over Fort McHenry never fell. The abandoned their attack during the night. In the morning light Francis Key saw that The Flag Was Still There. So inspired, he began to write a poem of what he had just observed, naming it "Defence of Fort McHenry". He completed the poem in a room at a Baltimore Tavern. Founding Fathers.
In September the poem was printed in the news with notes to the tune of "Ancreon in Heavan" created by the Anacreontic Society a British gentlemans club. In October, this song was sang at public performance where it was called "The Star Spangled Banner".
Each spring, near that bridge, a Buoy is placed marking the location Key observed the bombardment of Fort McHenry.